StackingDAO

Submit a Bug
05 February 2024
Live since
No
KYC required
$100,000
Maximum bounty
15 May 2024
Last updated

VaultImmunefi vault program

This project deposits assets in a decentralized vault to publicly show proof of assets for paying out bug bounty rewards on-chain via the Immunefi dashboard

VaultPublic vault address
0x91E69F40517d627218375569dDc4aBc605E1Ba05
VaultFunds available
$7,525
Vault30d Avg. Funds availability
$7,524.02
VaultAssets in vault
  • 7.5k  USDC

Program Overview

Stacking DAO provides liquid staking on Stacks. Unlock your STX with stSTX, the most integrated liquid stacking token in the Stacks ecosystem

For more information about StackingDAO, please visit https://www.stackingdao.com/.

StackingDAO provides rewards in USDC on Ethereum Network, denominated in USD. For more details about the payment process, please view the Rewards by Threat Level section further below.

Responsible Publication

StackingDAO adheres to category 3 - Approval Required. This Policy determines what information researchers are allowed to make public from their submitted bug reports. For more information about the category selected, please refer to our Responsible Publication page.

Primacy of Impact vs Primacy of Rules

StackingDAO adheres to the Primacy of Impact for the following impacts:

  • Smart Contracts, Critical severity
  • Smart Contracts, High severity
  • Web/App, Critical severity

Primacy of Impact means that the impact is prioritized rather than a specific asset. This encourages security researchers to report on all bugs with an in-scope impact, even if the affected assets are not in scope. For more information, please see Best Practices: Primacy of Impact.

When submitting a report on Immunefi’s dashboard, the security researcher should select the Primacy of Impact asset placeholder. If the team behind this project has multiple programs, those other programs are not covered under Primacy of Impact for this program. Instead, check if those other projects have a bug bounty program on Immunefi.

If the project has any testnet and/or mock files, those will not be covered under Primacy of Impact.

All other impacts are considered under the Primacy of Rules, which means that they are bound by the terms and conditions set within this program.

Proof of Concept (PoC) Requirements

A PoC, demonstrating the bug's impact, is required for this program and has to comply with the Immunefi PoC Guidelines and Rules.

Known Issue Assurance

StackingDAO commits to providing Known Issue Assurance to bug submissions through their program. This means that StackingDAO will either disclose known issues publicly, or at the very least, privately via a self-reported bug submission.

In a potential scenario of a mediation, this allows for a more objective and streamlined process, in order to prove that an issue is known. Otherwise, assuming the bug report is valid, it would result in the report being considered as in-scope, and due a reward.

Previous Audits

StackingDAO’s completed audit reports can be found at Stacking-DAO-Audit-2023-11.pdf. Any unfixed vulnerabilities mentioned in these reports are not eligible for a reward.

Feasibility Limitations

The project may be receiving reports that are valid (the bug and attack vector are real) and cite assets and impacts that are in scope, but there may be obstacles or barriers to executing the attack in the real world. In other words, there is a question about how feasible the attack really is. Conversely, there may also be mitigation measures that projects can take to prevent the impact of the bug, which are not feasible or would require unconventional action and hence, should not be used as reasons for downgrading a bug's severity.

Therefore, Immunefi has developed a set of feasibility limitation standards which by default states what security researchers, as well as projects, can or cannot cite when reviewing a bug report.

Immunefi Standard Badge

By adhering to Immunefi’s best practice recommendations, StackingDAO has satisfied the requirements for the Immunefi Standard Badge.

Rewards by Threat Level

Rewards are distributed according to the impact of the vulnerability based on the Immunefi Vulnerability Severity Classification System V2.3.

Reward Calculation for Critical Level Reports

For critical smart contract bugs, the reward amount is 10% of the funds directly affected up to a maximum of USD 100,000. The calculation of the amount of funds at risk is based on the time and date the bug report is submitted. However, a minimum reward of USD 20,000 is to be rewarded in order to incentivize security researchers against withholding a critical bug report.

Repeatable Attack Limitations

  • If the smart contract where the vulnerability exists can be upgraded or paused, only the initial attack will be considered for a reward. This is because the project can mitigate the risk of further exploitation by upgrading or pausing the component where the vulnerability exists. The reward amount will depend on the severity of the impact and the funds at risk.

  • For critical repeatable attacks on smart contracts that cannot be upgraded or paused, the project will consider the cumulative impact of the repeatable attacks for a reward. This is because the project cannot prevent the attacker from repeatedly exploiting the vulnerability until all funds are drained and/or other irreversible damage is done. Therefore, this warrants a reward equivalent to 10% of funds at risk, capped at the maximum critical reward.

Reward Calculation for High Level Reports

  • High vulnerabilities concerning theft/permanent freezing of unclaimed yield/royalties are rewarded within a range of USD 1,000 to 20,000 depending on the funds at risk, capped at the maximum high reward.

  • In the event of temporary freezing, the reward doubles from the full frozen value for every additional 24h that the funds are temporarily frozen, up until a max cap of the high reward. This is because as the duration of the freezing lengthens, the potential for greater damage and subsequent reputational harm intensifies. Thus, by increasing the reward proportionally with the frozen duration, the project ensures stronger incentives for bug disclosure of this nature.

For critical web/apps bug reports will be rewarded with USD 25,000, only if the impact leads to:

  • A loss of funds involving an attack that does not require any user action
  • Private key or private key generation leakage leading to unauthorized access to user funds

All other impacts that would be classified as Critical would be rewarded a flat amount of USD 5,000. The rest of the severity levels are paid out according to the Impact in Scope table.

Reward Payment Terms

Payouts are handled by the StackingDAO team directly and are denominated in USD. However, payments are done in USDC on Ethereum Network.

The calculation of the net amount rewarded is based on the average price between CoinMarketCap.com and CoinGecko.com at the time the bug report was submitted. No adjustments are made based on liquidity availability.

Smart Contract

Critical
Level
USD $20,000 up to USD $100,000
Payout
PoC Required
High
Level
USD $1,000 up to USD $20,000
Payout
PoC Required

Websites and Applications

Critical
Level
USD $5,000 up to USD $25,000
Payout
PoC Required

Assets in scope

StackingDAO codebase can be found at https://github.com/StackingDAO. Documentation and further resources can be found on https://docs.stackingdao.com/.

Impacts in scope

Only the following impacts are accepted within this bug bounty program. All other impacts are not considered as in-scope, even if they affect something in the assets in scope table.

Smart Contract

  • Manipulation of governance voting result deviating from voted outcome and resulting in a direct change from intended effect of original results
    Critical
    Impact
  • Direct theft of any user funds, whether at-rest or in-motion, other than unclaimed yield
    Critical
    Impact
  • Direct theft of any user NFTs, whether at-rest or in-motion, other than unclaimed royalties
    Critical
    Impact
  • Permanent freezing of funds
    Critical
    Impact
  • Permanent freezing of NFTs
    Critical
    Impact
  • Unauthorized minting of NFTs
    Critical
    Impact
  • Predictable or manipulable RNG that results in abuse of the principal or NFT
    Critical
    Impact
  • Unintended alteration of what the NFT represents (e.g. token URI, payload, artistic content)
    Critical
    Impact
  • Protocol insolvency
    Critical
    Impact
  • Theft of unclaimed yield
    High
    Impact
  • Theft of unclaimed royalties
    High
    Impact
  • Permanent freezing of unclaimed yield
    High
    Impact
  • Permanent freezing of unclaimed royalties
    High
    Impact
  • Temporary freezing of funds
    High
    Impact
  • Temporary freezing of NFTs
    High
    Impact

Websites and Applications

  • Taking state-modifying authenticated actions (with or without blockchain state interaction) on behalf of other users without any interaction by that user, such as: Changing registration information Commenting Voting Making trades Withdrawals, etc
    Critical
    Impact
  • Direct theft of user funds
    Critical
    Impact
  • Malicious interactions with an already-connected wallet, such as: Modifying transaction arguments or parameters Substituting contract addresses Submitting malicious transactions
    Critical
    Impact

Out of Scope & Rules

These impacts are out of scope for this bug bounty program.

All Categories:

  • Impacts requiring attacks that the reporter has already exploited themselves, leading to damage
  • Impacts caused by attacks requiring access to leaked keys/credentials
  • Impacts caused by attacks requiring access to privileged addresses (governance, strategist) except in such cases where the contracts are intended to have no privileged access to functions that make the attack possible
  • Impacts relying on attacks involving the depegging of an external stablecoin where the attacker does not directly cause the depegging due to a bug in code
  • Mentions of secrets, access tokens, API keys, private keys, etc. in Github will be considered out of scope without proof that they are in-use in production
  • Best practice recommendations
  • Feature requests
  • Impacts on test files and configuration files unless stated otherwise in the bug bounty program

Smart Contract Specific:

  • Incorrect data supplied by third party oracles
    • Not to exclude oracle manipulation/flash loan attacks
  • Impacts requiring basic economic and governance attacks (e.g. 51% attack)
  • Lack of liquidity impacts
  • Impacts from Sybil attacks
  • Impacts involving centralization risks

Websites and Apps

  • Theoretical impacts without any proof or demonstration
  • Impacts involving attacks requiring physical access to the victim device
  • Impacts involving attacks requiring access to the local network of the victim
  • Reflected plain text injection (e.g. url parameters, path, etc.)
    • This does not exclude reflected HTML injection with or without JavaScript
    • This does not exclude persistent plain text injection
  • Any impacts involving self-XSS
  • Captcha bypass using OCR without impact demonstration
  • CSRF with no state modifying security impact (e.g. logout CSRF)
  • Impacts related to missing HTTP Security Headers (such as X-FRAME-OPTIONS) or cookie security flags (such as “httponly”) without demonstration of impact
  • Server-side non-confidential information disclosure, such as IPs, server names, and most stack traces
  • Impacts causing only the enumeration or confirmation of the existence of users or tenants
  • Impacts caused by vulnerabilities requiring un-prompted, in-app user actions that are not part of the normal app workflows
  • Lack of SSL/TLS best practices
  • Impacts that only require DDoS
  • UX and UI impacts that do not materially disrupt use of the platform
  • Impacts primarily caused by browser/plugin defects
  • Leakage of non sensitive API keys (e.g. Etherscan, Infura, Alchemy, etc.)
  • Any vulnerability exploit requiring browser bugs for exploitation (e.g. CSP bypass)
  • SPF/DMARC (misconfigured records)
  • Missing HTTP Headers without demonstrated impact
  • Automated scanner reports without demonstrated impact
  • UI/UX best practice recommendations
  • Non-future-proof NFT rendering

Prohibited Activities:

  • Any testing on mainnet or public testnet deployed code; all testing should be done on local-forks of either public testnet or mainnet
  • Any testing with pricing oracles or third-party smart contracts
  • Attempting phishing or other social engineering attacks against our employees and/or customers
  • Any testing with third-party systems and applications (e.g. browser extensions) as well as websites (e.g. SSO providers, advertising networks)
  • Any denial of service attacks that are executed against project assets
  • Automated testing of services that generates significant amounts of traffic
  • Public disclosure of an unpatched vulnerability in an embargoed bounty