Moonbeam Network

Submit a Bug
16 December 2021
Live since
Yes
KYC required
$1,000,000
Maximum bounty

Program Overview

Moonbeam is an Ethereum-compatible smart contract platform on the Polkadot network that makes it easy to build natively interoperable applications. This Ethereum compatibility allows developers to deploy existing Solidity smart contracts and DApp frontends to Moonbeam with minimal changes. As a parachain on the Polkadot network, Moonbeam benefits from the shared security of the Polkadot relay chain and integrations with other chains that are connected to Polkadot.

For more information about Moonbeam Network, please visit https://moonbeam.network/.

This bug bounty program is focused on their Moonriver and Moonbeam parachains (deployed to Kusama and Polkadot respectively) and dApps and is focused on preventing:

  • Thefts and freezing of principal of any amount
  • Thefts and freezing of unclaimed yield of any amount
  • Theft of governance funds
  • Governance activity disruption
  • Network shutdown
  • Website goes down
  • Leak of user data
  • Deletion of user data
  • Access to sensitive pages without authorization

Rewards by Threat Level

Rewards are distributed according to the impact of the vulnerability based on the Immunefi Vulnerability Severity Classification System. This is a simplified 5-level scale, with separate scales for websites/apps and smart contracts/blockchains, encompassing everything from consequence of exploitation to privilege required to likelihood of a successful exploit.

All web/app bug reports must come with a PoC in order to be considered for a reward. For smart contract bug reports, at the discretion of the team, a PoC may be required in order to determine if the bug exists, and if necessary, to calculate the extent of the damage the bug could have if exploited.

Critical vulnerabilities are further capped at 10% of economic damage, with the main consideration being the funds affected in addition to PR and brand considerations, at the discretion of the team. However, there is a minimum of USD 75 000 for Critical bug reports.

Note that a bug reported for one of either the Moonbeam or Moonriver networks that applies to both will be treated as a single report and paid only once.

The Moonbeam Foundation requires KYC to be done for all bug bounty hunters submitting a report and wanting a reward. The information needed is an ID scan along with a selfie to verify identity.

Payouts are handled by the Moonbeam Foundation team directly and are denominated in USD. However, payouts are done in USDT or USDC.

Smart Contracts and Blockchain

Critical
Level
Up to USD $1,000,000
Payout
high
Level
USD $75,000
Payout
medium
Level
USD $20,000
Payout
low
Level
USD $5,000
Payout

Web and Apps

Critical
Level
USD $15,000
Payout
high
Level
USD $7,500
Payout
medium
Level
USD $2,500
Payout
low
Level
USD $1,000
Payout

Assets in Scope

The Moonriver parachain on Kusama and the Moonbeam parachain on Polkadot (estimated launch in Jan 2022) are both included in the assets-in-scope.

All source code of Moonbeam can be found at https://github.com/PureStake/. However, only those in the Assets in Scope table are considered as in-scope of the bug bounty program.

Impacts in Scope

Only the following impacts are accepted within this bug bounty program. All other impacts are not considered as in-scope, even if they affect something in the assets in scope table.

Smart Contracts and Blockchain

  • Loss of user funds by permanent freezing or direct theft
  • Loss of governance funds
  • Theft of unclaimed yield
  • Freezing of unclaimed yield
  • Temporary freezing of funds for at least 15 minutes
  • Temporarily unable to call smart contract
  • Network shutdown
  • Smart contract gas drainage
  • Smart contract fails to deliver promised returns due to a defect or exploit within the underlying parachain
  • Governance activity disruption
  • Vote manipulation
  • Incorrect polling actions
  • Bypassing extrinsic verifications (origin bypassing or escalation)
  • Runtime consensus violation (getting invalid block into canonical)

Web/App

  • Leak of user data
  • Deletion of user data
  • Redirected funds by address modification
  • Users spoofing other users
  • Denial of service via
    • Logic attacks
    • Slow roll attacks on unperformant services
Blockchain - Moonbeam
Type
Blockchain - Nimbus
Type
Blockchain - Crowdloan Rewards
Type
Blockchain - Frontier
Type
Blockchain - RPC Infrastructure (Moonriver)
Type
Blockchain - RPC Infrastructure (Moonbase Alpha)
Type
Blockchain - RPC Infrastructure (Moonbeam)
Type
Web/App
Type
Web/App
Type
Web/App
Type
Web/App
Type

Prioritized Vulnerabilities

We are especially interested in receiving and rewarding vulnerabilities of the following types:

Smart Contracts and Blockchain

  • Re-entrancy
  • Logic errors
    • including user authentication errors
  • Solidity/EVM details not considered
    • including integer over-/under-flow
    • including unhandled exceptions
  • EVM/Custom precompile exploit
  • Trusting trust/dependency vulnerabilities
    • including composability vulnerabilities
  • Oracle failure/manipulation
  • Novel governance attacks
  • Economic/financial attacks
    • including flash loan attacks
  • Congestion and scalability
    • including running out of gas
    • including block stuffing
    • including susceptibility to frontrunning
  • Consensus failures
  • Cryptography problems
    • Signature malleability
    • Susceptibility to replay attacks
    • Weak randomness
    • Weak encryption
  • Susceptibility to block timestamp manipulation
  • Missing access controls / unprotected internal or debugging interfaces

Websites and Apps

  • Remote Code Execution
  • Trusting trust/dependency vulnerabilities
  • Vertical Privilege Escalation
  • XML External Entities Injection
  • SQL Injection
  • LFI/RFI
  • Horizontal Privilege Escalation
  • Stored XSS
  • Reflective XSS with impact
  • CSRF with impact
  • Direct object reference
  • Internal SSRF
  • Session fixation
  • Insecure Deserialization
  • DOM XSS
  • SSL misconfigurations
  • SSL/TLS issues (weak crypto, improper setup)
  • URL redirect
  • Clickjacking (must be accompanied with PoC)
  • Misleading Unicode text (e.g. using right to left override characters)

Out of Scope & Rules

The following vulnerabilities are excluded from the rewards for this bug bounty program:

  • Attacks that the reporter has already exploited themselves, leading to damage
  • Attacks requiring access to leaked keys/credentials
  • Attacks requiring access to privileged addresses (governance, strategist)

Smart Contracts and Blockchain

  • Incorrect data supplied by third party oracles
    • Not to exclude oracle manipulation/flash loan attacks
  • Basic economic governance attacks (e.g. 51% attack)
  • Lack of liquidity
  • Best practice critiques
  • Sybil attacks
  • Centralization risks

Websites and Apps

  • Theoretical vulnerabilities without any proof or demonstration
  • Content spoofing / Text injection issues
  • Self-XSS
  • Captcha bypass using OCR
  • CSRF with no security impact (logout CSRF, change language, etc.)
  • Missing HTTP Security Headers (such as X-FRAME-OPTIONS) or cookie security flags (such as “httponly”)
  • Server-side information disclosure such as IPs, server names, and most stack traces
  • Vulnerabilities used to enumerate or confirm the existence of users or tenants
  • Vulnerabilities requiring unlikely user actions
  • URL Redirects (unless combined with another vulnerability to produce a more severe vulnerability)
  • Lack of SSL/TLS best practices
  • DDoS vulnerabilities
  • Attacks requiring privileged access from within the organization
  • SPF records for email domains
  • Feature requests
  • Best practices

The following activities are prohibited by this bug bounty program:

  • Any testing with mainnet or public testnet contracts; all testing should be done on private testnets
  • Any testing with pricing oracles or third party smart contracts
  • Attempting phishing or other social engineering attacks against our employees and/or customers
  • Any testing with third party systems and applications (e.g. browser extensions) as well as websites (e.g. SSO providers, advertising networks)
  • Any denial of service attacks
  • Automated testing of services that generates significant amounts of traffic
  • Public disclosure of an unpatched vulnerability in an embargoed bounty